43 The Red and the Rest: Bangkok Urban Space & Politics
Although middle of April is the hottest of the hot Bangkok, it is not as hot as our political turmoil now……
After the day of ASEAN Summit in Pattaya was completely destroyed, what else would be left for us as a citizen of the country? Either your prefer the red shirts or the yellow ones, even you don’t prefer any of them, it is the day all Thai people have LOST so much almost beyond repair. Everyone is Lost. Without any internal political conflicts, every country is already in a deep trouble with the worst-than-ever global recession. Instead of trying to get through the recession with little damage as possible, our politicians keep adding more obstacles……is this really what you called ‘democracy’?
Last Thursday, the red shirts riot began with occupying the main junction of Bangkok, Victory Monument, easily. It caused a super traffic jam for the whole Bangkok metropolitan – you can argue that Bangkok is already super traffic, but imagine it was five times more because of the junction was blocked. Many people were stuck on the streets for hours and hours after their long working days.
The day after, some of the red shirts went on, trying to do the same, blocking the traffic, at another important intersection of Bangkok financial district, Sathorn-Narathiwas Rachanakarin. However, the mob was thrown away from the intersection right away by the white collar office workers around. Here is the report from The Nation.
Why are these two places so different, although they are both the main traffic junctions of Bangkok?Big street and political protest are two main characteristics of modern urban space – Marshall Berman explains this issue in depth in his ‘All that is solid melts into airs’. Big street allows people to express their identity and political opinions. It has been a stage for all political protest. However, if we look closely, most of the political-stage big streets are mostly a kind of symbolic one. Take an example of our Rachadamnerd Boulevard, a big street in Bangkok built by the end of 19th century afterHaussman Boulevard in Paris, similar to many other modern cities in the world. It is always a place to express political opinion throughout the history of our democracy. Its symbolism, its scale, its context, altogether are perfect for the event. Here isRachadamnerd Boulevard.
What about Victory Monument and Sathorn?One important aspect about these streets is an actual ‘owner’ of the place. Along Rachadamnern Boulevard, the buildings are pretty much occupied by very quiet business.. nobody really walks along the street (apart from tourists, homeless and some ambiguous businessmen/women). Looking at Victory Monument, it is surely the biggest traffic junctions in Bangkok, where people from all directions passing by to connect their buses. (It is said that you can go anywhere in the country by the minibuses lines around here.) Although hundreds thousands people go through the junction everyday, nobody really ‘owns’ the space……..they are just passers by.
While at Sathorn-Narathiwas intersection, it is rather different. The intersection is surrounded by high-rise office buildings. Everyday thousands office workers basically ‘live’ their lives around the area – buying breakfast, having lunch, shopping and hanging out after work- they really belong to the space, they have their own ‘place’. Moreover, the pedestrian bridges crossing over the four sides of the intersection create a very strategic location for the office workers to be above the red-shirt mob trying to block the traffic on the street. The mob inevitably became an exposed target from all the ordinary office workers shouting at them from the pedestrian bridges.